Yangtze River Delta City Group: From homogenization competition to urbanization cooperation

  "To promote the development of higher quality integration in the Yangtze River Delta and achieve synergy and innovation in the Yangtze River Delta region, we must break the existing administrative regional barriers as soon as possible and break the barriers to knowledge flow." Yesterday, the "Pujiang Innovation" held by the Shanghai Institute of Science At the forum - 2018 International Symposium on Science and Technology Innovation Think Tanks, Chinese and foreign experts have said that the Yangtze River Delta region should seize the opportunity of integrated development, eliminate barriers through scientific top-level design, and promote smoother and more orderly flow of innovation elements.
  The "Yangtze River Delta" should be recognized as an economic regional concept.
  The Yangtze River Delta region is a concept of natural geography and an administrative regional concept. However, in the perspective of the development of higher quality integration in the Yangtze River Delta, it should be understood as an economic regional concept.
  The population of the three provinces and one city in the Yangtze River Delta accounts for 1/6 of the country, and the total economic output accounts for nearly one quarter of the country. The per capita GDP has reached more than 12,000 US dollars, equivalent to the level of developed economies. The total international trade volume in the Yangtze River Delta region accounts for more than 30% of China's total, and R&D expenditures and effective invention patents account for more than 30% of the country's total. Innovation-driven development has become a regional development consensus.
  In fact, as early as a few decades ago, the Yangtze River Delta enterprises began the process of the integration with their own practical actions. For example, many Fortune 500 companies have R&D centers in Shanghai, while secondary R&D centers and product manufacturing bases are located in Shanghai's surrounding cities. For example, Chery Automobile is headquartered in Wuhu, Anhui, but the R&D center is located in Shanghai; In Shanghai's Zhenhua Port Machinery, its large equipment manufacturing base is expanding in Jiangsu...
  Researcher Wang Yuan, chairman of the China Science and Technology Finance Promotion Association, said that the development of the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration is inseparable from the Yangtze River Economic Belt, and this is the economic regional concept, which prompts people to jump out of the administrative regional framework to think about problems.
  “Using technology innovation vouchers to subsidize enterprises using large-scale instrument networks in the Yangtze River Delta, not only meets the needs of Zhejiang enterprises for scientific research resources, but also makes full use of the instruments and equipment of Shanghai scientific research units.” Zhejiang Academy of Science and Technology Development Strategy Research Institute Liu Liu said with regret that this great thing has encountered bottlenecks in whether “financial funds can be used to subsidize inter-provincial enterprises and institutions”. “If this policy barrier can be broken, it will undoubtedly make the Yangtze River Delta’s innovation resources more fully realized. Sharing, generating greater value."
  People often only see the success of Silicon Valley, but rarely notice the so many disorder and excessive competition in its development process, which has also wasted a lot of resources. "The US Silicon Valley co-investment chairman and CEO Russell Hancock believes that the Chinese government can see the problems caused by disorderly competition, and it can be planned and top-level design from a higher level. This is obviously a good thing."
  Introduce more “demand side” “environmental aspects” and inclusive policies
  According to the State Council's "Changjiang Delta Urban Agglomeration Development Plan", the Yangtze River Delta region will basically form a world-class urban agglomeration framework with vibrant economy, high-end talent pooling, rising innovation capability, and efficient use of space in 2020.
  The comprehensive ranking of economic growth rate in the next fifteen years has ranked first among the world's major urban agglomerations. But the GDP and patents per capita in the Yangtze River Delta lag behind some developed urban agglomerations at home and abroad like Greater London, United Kingdom, San Francisco Bay Area, Japan, Kanto, Kansai, etc., which means that the Yangtze River Delta should promote the innovation quality of the economy as the main development goals.
  “The Yangtze River Delta has always been known for its strong industrial supporting capabilities. In recent years, it has also been transforming from homogenization competition to co-city cooperation.” Luo Dajin, director of the Shanghai Institute for Science of Science, believes that “Sunday Engineers” from the 1980s At the beginning of the emergence, the flow of innovation elements is constantly demanding obstacles to breaking through institutional mechanisms.
  In fact, the collaborative innovation of the Yangtze River Delta is a process of advancing with the times and deepening. With the leap of development, the innovation and development of the Yangtze River Delta is becoming more and more international, and the demands of regional coordinated development are also rising. This puts higher demands on the construction of the Yangtze River Delta urban agglomeration. In mainland China, scientists most want to be able to go to work. The city is Shanghai, and the city that wants to live the most is Hangzhou. In the flow of high-end talents, Shanghai has the closest interaction with the Yangtze River Delta cities. In Luo Dajin's view, regional competitiveness should ultimately be reflected in the innovation system and innovation ecology. It requires the government to change from R&D management to innovative governance, and introduce more “demand side” policies, “environmental” policies and inclusive policies.
  Hanan Tekker, a senior entrepreneur from Israel, said that in the process of innovation and development in Israel, the government has played a big role in “building a suitable ecosystem for innovation and filling in the missing innovations. It was Israel at the time. The most important thing the government does."
  This article was published in Wen Wei Paper 2018-06-23, author Xu Qimin